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K-U-D Organizer (doc file)

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by MARK WEST 05/02/12

Mac Tips

Special Keys

The Mac Command Key

You probably call this the "Apple Key", but it's officially called the Command Key and it is located near your spacebar. It is used on a Mac much like the control key is used on Microsoft Windows®; example: control-c on Windows copies and on a Mac we use command-c; control-v pastes on Windows and command-v pastes on Mac OS.

The Option Key

The Option Key is located near the Command Key and is sometimes called the ALT key. This key can frustrate a Windows user, as it doesn't work as a Windows ALT key does (you'll often use the Command Key on Mac where ALT is used in Windows), such as when tabbing through open applications: on Windows it's ALT-Tab, on a Mac it's Command-Tab.

The Control Key

The Control Key is located near the Command Key and has special funtions on a Mac (see "Right Clicking" below).

Exiting A Bad Program

On Windows, Alt+F4 will quickly terminate a program.

On Mac OS, Command+Q will quickly terminate a program.

The "3-Finger Salute"

On Windows, when a program stops behaving properly, you can press Control+Alt+Delete to invoke the Task Manager to make an application stop.

On Mac OS, you can accomplish the same thing by pressing Command+Option+Escape; this invokes the Force Quit menu and you can make applications stop.

"Right Clicking"

Sometimes you need to right click. On most computers it's easy, as they come with a two-button mouse. On Mac OS, you typically find a single-button mouse.

You can plug a two-button mouse in to a Mac and it will work. The reason is because two-button mice work on Unix and Mac OS is a Unix variant that uses parts from FreeBSD's and NetBSD's implementation of Unix.

You can also "right click" on a Mac with a single button mouse. To do so, you can do either of the following:

  1. Press and hold the Control Key while clicking.
  2. (This one only works if you have a Mac with a touchpad - usually a laptop) place two fingers on the touchpad while clicking.

K-U-D Organizer

K stands for Know; U for Undertand; D for Do. - The K-U-D Organizer shapes the learning by using the content standards and objectives to identify what students need to succeed and becomes a springboard for higher level thinking. If you plan to use the Student Learning Maps in flipcharts, you really need to have made a K-U-D organizer for the unit.

You may be thinking, "Why not a flipchart?" and the answer is simple: the student learning map is for your students to organize their learning, but the K-U-D is for you to organize your teaching. Students should see and have access to the Student Learning Map, but really don't need to see the K-U-D.

Learning Focused has an online toolbox, but if you don't have access to the toolbox (say, you're at home without Internet access), you can still download and use this word document.

This Word document contains a basic K-U-D that you can fill out for your unit: KUD.doc

If you do not have Microsoft Word, there are some excellent free alternatives that can open and save documents that are in MS-Word Format:

LibreOffice - for Mac, Windows or Linux
NeoOffice - for Mac OS (this is loaded by default on Putnam County Schools laptops; you at least have this if you do not have MS Office).
AbiWord - for Windows and Linux (special instructions for Ubuntu users as Personal Package Archive support was dropped after Karmic [9.10]) and lastly not quite up-to-date software for Mac OS; Abi is good for Windows, but I'd choose LibreOffice for Mac or Linux personally.